When you are learning a language it is very easy to be misunderstood. For this reason I want to talk about “please”,“thank you” and “sorry”, without a doubt the three most important words in English communication.
In English culture it is very easy to offend people by speaking to them without the proper politeness. You don’t say “sit down”, that would be an order! By saying “Please sit down” it becomes an invitation to join you. Often foreign travellers don’t know this and they encounter unfriendly faces or responses to simple questions like: “Where is the railway station?” or “Can we have a double room?”. It makes a big difference if you ask the same questions in a polite way: “Please, could you tell me where the railway station is?” (or even better: “Excuse me, could you please tell me where the railway station is?”) and “(Excuse me) can we have a double room, please?”. Without the please something is missing. If you enter a pub and order “a beer and a coke” it is possible that the bartender keeps looking at you because in his opinion you haven’t finished the order. It’s not that he is consciously waiting for you to say “please”, but he is expecting you to order something more like a bag of crisps. By saying “A beer and a coke, please” you make it clear that that will be all for the moment. And when it’s time to pay, you of course ask: “Excuse me, can I have the bill, please?”.
Sorry is another essential word, especially in British English. Never say: “What?” or “What did you say?”. If you don’t understand people say: “I’m sorry?”, or: “I’m sorry, but I don’t understand”, otherwise it sounds really rude. A second situation in which the use of sorry is important is as an apology. Always say sorry when you bother people, even if you can’t help it. So for example when you pass in front of people in a cinema, or if you gently push aside someone’s shopping trolley in a supermarket, or if you’re leaning towards someone in an elevator in order to push a button. And don’t be surprised that when you by accident step on someone’s foot, he or she, so the victim, will withdraw his or her foot saying “sorry”! But please don’t forget too say so yourself too!
Last but not least you have to use “thank you” a lot. It’s a very useful phrase when someone does you a favour. If you don´t say “thank you” people will think you have bad manners. So say “thank you” when someone gives you directions, when a waiter serves you your drink, when someone moves over in a full train to offer you a bit more space and when your landlady offers you a biscuit with your cup of tea. You will see, being polite is more important than speaking correct English. As long as you are polite people will forgive you your grammatical errors and make a bigger effort to communicate with you.
Did you know that English is an official language in 54 countries and regions all over the world? Amazing, isn’t it! And in no less than 24 of these countries and regions it is the first language, also known as ‘native’ language. The 6 largest countries of this last group are the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, but for example Barbados, the Falkland Islands and Gibraltar are on that list too.
If we only focus on the 6 largest English speaking countries, you will find lots of varieties of English because each country has its own version of English, with different pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar and spelling. The most famous being the differences between Standard American English and Standard British English. Here are some examples: “water” in the UK is pronounced as “wotu”, and in the US they say “wate”. A film in England is a movie in the US. An American will tell you “he ate too much”, whereas a Brit will tell you “he’s eaten too much”. Differences in spelling can be found in British words like “colour” and “metre”, which are spelled as “color” and “meter” in the US.
This brings us to an important question: if you want to learn English, which version of English do you need to learn? It’s easy to answer for someone who for example only deals with clients in the US, but many people need a more general English because they travel all over or speak to all sorts of people on the phone. The best thing to do is to be consistent. Don’t mix different English varieties. This is especially true in exams: you have to stick to just one version.
However, communicating in English involves more than just speaking a consistent language. You will have to understand the different regional accents too. The best way to train this is by listening, listening and more listening. Watch English films (and movies) in the original soundtrack with English subtitles, listen to your favourite music on Youtube with on-screen lyrics, listen to audio books or look for podcasts on the Internet.
One very important thing to remember if it comes to understanding regional accents: don’t panic. Keep in mind that an Englishman from London has great difficulties understanding a colleague from Texas, just as a native Spanish speaker from Madrid has difficulties understanding some people from Argentina. But if both make an effort they will be perfectly able to communicate and that´s what language is about.
Here at Eloquentia we live in a remote farmhouse as you can see in the pictures on the website. Living remote means living far away from all kinds of services. Far away from the water supply, far away from natural gas and far away from power lines. In English you can say: the house isn’t on the mains. Mains means ‘the system of pipes or wires that carry water or electricity into a house’. You can also say the house is off-grid. It’s off the grid, it’s not connected to any network (=red).
How is it to live off-grid? Well, I have to say we’re quite comfortable with it and we hardly notice any disadvantages. Okay, it’s perhaps more comfortable to be on the mains, like most people are, but in our case it’s definitely environmental friendlier. So, how do we supply ourselves with electricity? I will start answering this question with some vocabulary: in Spanish you say ‘luz’, but in English you can´t use the word ‘light’ in this context. The two most common words to use in English are power and electricity. Here at Eloquentia we use solar panels and solar batteries. It’s a photovoltaic system: the solar panels transform sunlight into electricity which is then stored in big batteries where it stays until we need it in the house.
The capacity of the batteries is not unlimited like mains electricity, so we have to be aware of our power consumption, especially when it’s cloudy. Besides, it is better not to use big power consumers like a dishwasher, an electric oven or a hair dryer. And what happens if there is no sun for a couple of days? Well, if we save power we can survive three days on full batteries. If it is still cloudy on the fourth day we have to connect a generator to the batteries to charge them.
What about our water supply? Since we don’t receive any water from the village, we collect our own rainwater from the roof. We have four storage tanks around the house where we store the rainwater. It usually rains here only in autumn and spring so it’s important to have full tanks at the start of the summer season. One tank is specifically for the house and we make sure to keep this water clean at all times by disinfecting it. We use the other three tanks to store water for the decorative garden and the vegetable garden.
We use firewood to heat the house and a solar boiler to get hot water. The solar boiler produces enough hot water for the kitchen and the four bathrooms, especially in summer, the season when most of our guests are present. So don’t we use gas at all? Yes, we do use gas for cooking and as a back-up for the solar boiler when there’s not enough sunlight.
Despite the disadvantages of not being on the mains we are very happy. So if Endesa or one of the other Spanish power companies offers us a free connection to their supply, we will definitely say to them: “No thank you, we prefer to stay off-grid!”
Welcome to our brand new website and blog. The website and the blog are new but Eloquentia is not. Oh no! We started back in 2007, so we have been giving intensive English courses in Spain for 10 years now! And because we like doing them so much, we will continue for many more years from now.
“and the times they are a changin”
So why a new website and blog? Well 10 years is a long time “and the times they are a changin”, to quote Bob Dylan. Websites nowadays need to be responsive to be viewable at all the different devices and we can proudly say that the Eloquentia website www.intensivoingles-eloquentia.es is now ready for that. And as we’re modernising it, we have decided to start a blog to share some of the interesting, beautiful, funny or tricky things that involve the English language and culture, or are connected to our courses.
What’s in a name
An example of an interesting item that is connected to our courses is the name of our business: Eloquentia. It comes from Latin and means eloquence. Maybe that doesn’t help you much, so a translation into normal English would be: being skillful with words.
In Spanish it does exist as well: “elocuencia” and the official definition can be seen in this painting, made in January 2007 by our dear late friend Gema Noguera from Beceite:
“Facultad de hablar o escribir de modo eficaz para deleitar y conmover, y especialmente para persuadir a oyentes o lectores. Y todo aquel que posea dicha facilidad tiene el deber moral de intentar transmitirla.”
It pretty much reflects the core of our business: in Eloquentia’s courses we train Spanish adults to put the English that they have been studying skillfully into practice.
It may be obvious that the same painting inspired us in 2007 to design the Eloquentia logotype.
Well that’s it, our first entry in the new blog. We hope you enjoyed it. Stick around, there will be many more entries soon!